CHINA – a few facts and statistics about pollution

(sources : Wikipedia, articles „People’s Republic of China“, „environment in China“, „water crisis“)

In 2008 China was responsible for 22% of the CO2 emissions, US 20%

So China is in 2011, #1 in CO2 emissions, as well for sulfur oxides, CFC and other ozone depleting substances.

COAL is the main way to produce electricity in China : 75% of the electricity
And the production of electricity was x3 from 1990 to 2004.

In 2007 China is producing 44% of the coal in the world, and consuming 38%
From 2000 to 2006 the coal consumption doubled!

It is the cheapest yet dirtiest energy :
for example coal ash goes through the earth in the water,
consequence : 300 to 500 millions people don‘t have access to safe water

Alternative? China plans to develop the nuclear power plants : 13 are active, 27 under construction, and 50 more on longer term
(70GWe in 2025, more than the actual french 63GWe). China is the 1st investor in renewable energies (35$billion in 2009): the 1st producer of wind turbines and solar panels.

The most polluted cities in the world are Chinese : Linfen and Tianyang

Pollution implies global warning, climate change : for example 1 meter-rise of the sea will imply to remove 67 million people ; very big cities on the coast like Shanghai, Tianjin or Guangzhou.

Rising Sea Levels Globally

WATER :
big deal for China : 20% of the world population but only 7% of the world water ressources
Sanitation : in 2006 there was sufficient capacity to treat only 52% of municipal residential wastewater.

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China’s garbage pile-up in 2020 could reach 400 million tons, equivalent to the volume generated by the entire world in 1997.
(http://www.treehugger.com/files/2007/12/china_urban_recycling.php)

China’s cities generate an average of 120 million tons of garbage annually, a number growing at a rate of 8 percent a year.
(http://www.treehugger.com/files/2007/04/china_waste.php)